KIA T2 Design Challenges – Part 1 ‘Concrete Construction’
This session presents the development of the design of the roof structure of the new Kuwait International Airport Terminal 2 (KIA T2), which is currently under construction. The expressed roof structure, which is predominantly of concrete, is the principal unifying element of the building’s architecture and covers an area of over 350,000m2. Early studies identified the importance of climate, scale, the non-repetitive surface geometry, and the need for a safe and practical construction strategy. The façade, ventilation, acoustic and lighting functions are fully integrated with the roof structure. The collaborative approach with Foster + Partners adopted to meet these design challenges is discussed. The session discusses in detail the new form of concrete precast construction and composite shell panels incorporating bespoke off-site fabrication and pre-casting methods that were developed by Arup in collaboration with others in response to these considerations.